The history of stanchions dates back several centuries, and it is difficult to attribute their invention to a single individual or culture. The concept of using vertical posts or supports to provide stability or act as a barrier has been used in various forms throughout history.
In maritime history, stanchions were used on ships to provide support for sails and rigging. They were also used as a barrier to prevent people from falling overboard. Over time, stanchions were adapted for use in other industries, including construction, transportation, and sports.
The modern stanchion with retractable belts was first invented in the mid-20th century. The earliest known patent for a retractable belt stanchion was filed in 1958 by Frank S. Polizzotto, an inventor based in New York. Polizzotto's design consisted of a vertical post with a spring-loaded retractable belt that could be extended or retracted as needed.
Since then, stanchions with retractable belts have become ubiquitous in public spaces around the world, and they continue to evolve with advances in technology and design. Today, stanchions with retractable belts are used in a wide range of settings, from airports and museums to theme parks and retail stores.